How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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Veda a technika

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Komentáre

  1. SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay
    Pred 3 dňami

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    1. New Jargon
      New Jargon
      Pred hodinou

      Thank you for the video, so interesting to me. Didn't know exactly how this worked, never actually thought about it. Amazing engineering.

    2. Super Yacht Chef
      Super Yacht Chef
      Pred 5 hodinami

      Dude - what language is the Submariner with glasses and baseball cap speaking, the subtitle didn't clarify his words?

    3. dot
      dot
      Pred 7 hodinami

      -Matter didn’t create anti matter -Anti matter didn’t create matter (Both of them were present at the time of big bang) -Both of them didn’t create themselves. -Both of them came from an unimaginable source, that unimaginable source created matter and antimatter (everything) thats why it is known as “the creator” of everything. ------ - that unimaginable source/creator has created sin and virtue which are opposite to each other, - logic says every action has its own reaction, so the reaction of sin must be different than the reaction of virtue, - the creator has created prophets to let us know about each and every detail of sin and virtue, also about their reactions, Thank you :)

    4. MackASmack LickadySlap
      MackASmack LickadySlap
      Pred 11 hodinami

      @Malinda Macrone so many different ways that "opp" can be interpreted as.

    5. MackASmack LickadySlap
      MackASmack LickadySlap
      Pred 11 hodinami

      @Malinda Macrone what?

  2. Laser Man
    Laser Man
    Pred 2 minútami

    BZ sailors

  3. soundspark
    soundspark
    Pred 2 minútami

    What do you honestly think of Raycon? Tell us your honest opinion, not what they force you to say.

  4. aaron3009
    aaron3009
    Pred 2 minútami

    J-Roc

  5. José M
    José M
    Pred 4 minútami

    Hola, que bien estaría si hicieras estos videos doblados al español o subtitulados al igual que tu colega Veritasium, saludos desde Montevideo Uruguay!!!!

  6. Jeb Broham
    Jeb Broham
    Pred 17 minútami

    The Germans did it first, as with practically everything else we use in today's world.

  7. Jacob Thompson
    Jacob Thompson
    Pred 26 minútami

    The Sodium-Chlorate + Iron is the same reaction used in emergency oxygen systems jet aircraft.

  8. Jason Carter
    Jason Carter
    Pred 28 minútami

    had a lot of trouble understanding that Iowa guy's accent. Is that a hillbilly dialect or something ?

  9. Andy D
    Andy D
    Pred 29 minútami

    God this kills me to even post this question .......But here I go.......When the CO2 gets pumped over board ........it is done so as a gas ........when it filters through the seawater of the ocean.......how does it emerge at the surface , where it returns to its gaseous state?

  10. MrZeroHero
    MrZeroHero
    Pred 29 minútami

    Def one of the coolest episodes by far. Loving this series and excited for future series. I got my dad who was a Chief Petty Officer in the Navy hooked on your videos and we talk about them after we both view them. Thank you.

  11. Wme Emw
    Wme Emw
    Pred 30 minútami

    Wow !!! He comes up with interesting wats to learn.

  12. DOOM GUY
    DOOM GUY
    Pred 31 minútou

    Do they have CAMS in the bedroom? hehe

  13. Sweetenshi
    Sweetenshi
    Pred 34 minútami

    I feel like this would make a great concept for a new Among Us map.

  14. dankful
    dankful
    Pred 37 minútami

    “can you show me”

  15. DOOM GUY
    DOOM GUY
    Pred 41 minútou

    атомная подводная лодка!

  16. Matthew Glaser
    Matthew Glaser
    Pred 44 minútami

    Looks like that first reaction (Fe +O2) --> Fe2O3 + O (should have an extra oxygen). Looks like the free oxygen should combine with a free oxygen from the NaClO3 to actually make NaCl + 2 O2. Just say'n. The first reaction uses all existing oxygen, so I guess the net benefit is three new airborne oxygen atoms that were previously in the NaClO3.

  17. TheGuysGuide
    TheGuysGuide
    Pred 47 minútami

    I could tell this was a military ship by all the clean shaven faces, the "yes-sirs", and the fact that nobody could explain why they were doing what they were doing

  18. Mihails Ļevčenkovs
    Mihails Ļevčenkovs
    Pred 48 minútami

    If anyone wonder what "smell" sailors say they carry after a voyage in their clothes because of MEA, most if not all amine compouns smell of rotten fish is how I can best describe it. Would be quite a nauseous trip if it were to spill

  19. Jeff R. Allen
    Jeff R. Allen
    Pred 48 minútami

    "Somehow" the CO2 becomes little bubbles. Bet that's classified up the wazoo.

  20. Lewis M
    Lewis M
    Pred 48 minútami

    The dude in the beginning he talked to is so smart his words come out of his mouth slower then his brain processes them. I'm very happy to have people like him running sub safety for us.

  21. Archie The Dog
    Archie The Dog
    Pred 54 minútami

    Mechanics have those sniffers but probably not as robust.

  22. Coop Aloop
    Coop Aloop
    Pred 57 minútami

    Man I really am starting to realize why submarines cost so much money this is a fantastic series.

  23. Mr Nobody
    Mr Nobody
    Pred 59 minútami

    Soooo...would an alarm go off if everyone started farting in the mess hall at the same time? just curious...

  24. Nephi Ginnett
    Nephi Ginnett
    Pred hodinou

    another mystery solved. Thanks Destin

  25. Bewm B.
    Bewm B.
    Pred hodinou

    So oxygen level monitor looks like interface from Fallout New Vegas? Noted.

  26. AJ Constantine
    AJ Constantine
    Pred hodinou

    This video begs but one question: Who farted?

  27. Jeff R. Allen
    Jeff R. Allen
    Pred hodinou

    Seaman: there's an x to do y. Destin: Cool, can I see one?!

  28. G C
    G C
    Pred hodinou

    Subs use magical spells to keep people breathing underwater.

  29. Псина Злой
    Псина Злой
    Pred hodinou

    As a foreigner not familiar with USA's military tech, when I saw that orange retro oxygen monitoring display, I thought 'ooh, Fallout'. So that's where that inspiration is coming from...

  30. drizzt94720
    drizzt94720
    Pred hodinou

    What's with all the advertisements on youtube now? Are they trying to get me to sign up for Cable?

  31. The Industrialist
    The Industrialist
    Pred hodinou

    I never knew I needed to know this but I fully enjoyed this. Thanks Dustin

  32. John Gamez
    John Gamez
    Pred hodinou

    This was crazy interesting, and incredible that Naval leadership would approve this type of educational material being filmed, produced, and released for public consumption. Very cool! I'm wondering if you've considered videos similar to this one, but in analysis of different military aircraft? As a military and aviation nerd, I feel like a SmarterEveryDay video on military aircraft would be something amazing!

  33. Dirk Boersma
    Dirk Boersma
    Pred hodinou

    Immensely interesting! I am glued to the screen. The questions you ask are so intelligent and help you to get more information while you are talking with the guy explaining things. Second takeaway: these nuclear boats are marvels of engineering, containing so many different technologies to make the boat operational. Thirdly the process of extracting CO2 from the air is just as exciting as generating oxygen.

  34. Odist Abettor
    Odist Abettor
    Pred hodinou

    MEA is def one of those words where if I hadn't heard it said out loud and only read the word, I wouldn't have thought to pronounce it that way.

  35. drumermp
    drumermp
    Pred hodinou

    I had to google booper snoot after that :)

  36. RICK HARINCK
    RICK HARINCK
    Pred hodinou

    Clinckers sounds like the dutch word 'klinkers' which is a another word for bricks. Maybe that's why they call it clinckers?

  37. David A.Vasquez
    David A.Vasquez
    Pred hodinou

    Swamp coolers also wash air and can remove some CO2 , some VOC's, some smog,.

  38. sid B
    sid B
    Pred hodinou

    wow! so any HVAC technician can apply for this job! :)

  39. The Greedy Orphan
    The Greedy Orphan
    Pred hodinou

    That might explain how they survived in the bunker at the end of Greenland, would love to see a video explaining how they'd survive after exiting the bunker.

  40. GeneralWarned
    GeneralWarned
    Pred hodinou

    That's so fun. :D

  41. Not You
    Not You
    Pred hodinou

    Once I was starting a kart motor and it won’t stop even if I stopped the air flow was this the a delta fire or am I dump

    1. Introvert Airways
      Introvert Airways
      Pred hodinou

      I bet you were not stopping the airflow, those engines definitely need air

  42. Tinman
    Tinman
    Pred hodinou

    but i thought we don’t breath just pure O2 and that is not good for us. Isn’t it?

  43. BHarm
    BHarm
    Pred hodinou

    Well done sir! Again, you have raised the bar. Most interesting

  44. Sam W
    Sam W
    Pred hodinou

    Kudos to the navy dude in the video, he knew his stuff and very genuine

  45. DarkNineTwo Rides
    DarkNineTwo Rides
    Pred hodinou

    I don't know if there are any other mechanics/technicians on here, but am I the only one that thought it was cool that a multi million dollar military submarine uses the same tech that we do? Lol Us techs/mechs have refrigerant "sniffers" as well

  46. VonZorn
    VonZorn
    Pred hodinou

    as a blacksmith, a kilinker is a lump of burnt up coal, metal and sand. its a peice of slag thats useless and is thrown away. its wats left in the forge after a few hours of burning coke.

  47. Roderick MacLeod
    Roderick MacLeod
    Pred hodinou

    @Smarter Every Day So the candle basically lights just like a safety match. Clinker is just a common term for waste products from smelting, burning, forging, or chemical reactions.

    1. David A.Vasquez
      David A.Vasquez
      Pred hodinou

      I thought the candle might clean the air similar to lighting a match in a bathroom. That removes certain odors.

    2. Roderick MacLeod
      Roderick MacLeod
      Pred hodinou

      Amine is what makes a submarine smell like a submarine. Even still, every boat in the fleet has a distinctive aroma.

    3. Roderick MacLeod
      Roderick MacLeod
      Pred hodinou

      The navy also has OBAs (Oxygen Breathing Apparatus). They function the same way with an oxygen candle. Not to be too pedantic, but no oxygen was created in the filming of this video. It WAS however, liberated.

  48. Lincoln Oakley
    Lincoln Oakley
    Pred hodinou

    Subs get a breath of air every time they subscribe.

  49. PersonXes
    PersonXes
    Pred hodinou

    Do they manually sample every area every hour or can the machine change area automatically as well?

  50. Kipper Klank
    Kipper Klank
    Pred hodinou

    woah woah woah. that monitor is an orange CRT display Thats dope

  51. Programming Universe
    Programming Universe
    Pred hodinou

    That was my favorite part of the series! Thanks for sharing! Very cool vid.

  52. Robert Barchard
    Robert Barchard
    Pred 2 hodinami

    How many plants would you need to put in a submarine to skip all that?

  53. Oli
    Oli
    Pred 2 hodinami

    Anyone else think just use plants 😂

  54. Andrew Gail
    Andrew Gail
    Pred 2 hodinami

    I think it's kinda cool that the whole submarine is breathing just like how an animal would lol

    1. Andrew Gail
      Andrew Gail
      Pred 2 hodinami

      it's literally an artificial fish

  55. the imploders
    the imploders
    Pred 2 hodinami

    before watching i would say Trees, or aloe and sansavaria. Lol...or water splitting , once desalinated of course.

  56. Time Capsule
    Time Capsule
    Pred 2 hodinami

    my physics teacher used to work on a submarine and he said that people on his sub called the oxygen making machine "the bomb" because if you turned it on or shut it off incorrectly, it would explode

  57. balijosu
    balijosu
    Pred 2 hodinami

    "Clinker" is from blacksmithing I think. Metal residue chunks that build up at the bottom of a coal forge. They clink when you hit them with tongs.

  58. PythonZz
    PythonZz
    Pred 2 hodinami

    2:51 "boat"

  59. Slab Riprock
    Slab Riprock
    Pred 2 hodinami

    Well I only knew 1% of this. Awesome Video.

  60. Abdullah E
    Abdullah E
    Pred 2 hodinami

    Now this is quality stuff 😉 Thanks 👍

  61. Ethan Carter
    Ethan Carter
    Pred 2 hodinami

    I\I I I/I

  62. r holbrook
    r holbrook
    Pred 2 hodinami

    Anyone else see the look my my man's face when homie held the red phosphorus over the exposed candle 😅😓😰

  63. Dylanger Gutierrez
    Dylanger Gutierrez
    Pred 2 hodinami

    "we're low on oxygen, we gotta burn these candles so we don't suffocate" "Oh neat, before you do that can I get a quick interview?"

  64. Fernando Jose Profis
    Fernando Jose Profis
    Pred 2 hodinami

    I simply love your channel!! Specifically because I'm diver 💕

  65. Moon walk
    Moon walk
    Pred 2 hodinami

    I understood nothing, but I watched the entire video anyway 🤣

  66. Jeff K
    Jeff K
    Pred 2 hodinami

    What’s with the Ohh, when Dow says he is from Ohio???

  67. Joseph Burchanowski
    Joseph Burchanowski
    Pred 2 hodinami

    3:00 4.9 Torr CO2; that is quite a lot. For comparison our atmosphere at 409 ppm co2 is only about 0.311 Torr. 4.9 Torr CO2 would be equivalent to 6,400 PPM outside.

  68. Josh Stinsman
    Josh Stinsman
    Pred 2 hodinami

    Hollywood making a movie: "No you cannot shoot your movie ON the submarine that would be an issue of national security" Destin doing a random youtube video: "sure hop on! here's where we make our air!" LOL

  69. Derrick Fyffe
    Derrick Fyffe
    Pred 2 hodinami

    This is very interesting... Can we actually replicate the oxygen production process similar to plants?

  70. klint bromzz
    klint bromzz
    Pred 2 hodinami

    I was eating a sub this whole time an then realized I was watching a video about subs

  71. Keith Brown
    Keith Brown
    Pred 2 hodinami

    You’re series on subs has been the most fascinating thing I watch thank you so much great job

  72. ColdHeart
    ColdHeart
    Pred 2 hodinami

    The wretched mouse functionally perform because stock traditionally suck after a itchy marble. quick, tame hardboard

  73. Andreas Rasmussen
    Andreas Rasmussen
    Pred 2 hodinami

    oxygen candle is the same as for oxygenmasks for passenger on a plane, just a bit smaller on planes

  74. Average Aaron
    Average Aaron
    Pred 2 hodinami

    2:09 Battle telephone. I love it!

  75. Eddie Sprouse
    Eddie Sprouse
    Pred 2 hodinami

    Another great video. Thanks for making us all smarter every day!

  76. YouShouldn't KnowMyName
    YouShouldn't KnowMyName
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Plants

  77. Brien Rice
    Brien Rice
    Pred 3 hodinami

    R134a can also be detected by using the blue flame of propane and waving it around until it comes in contact with R134a (Tetrafluoroethane) or R-12 (dichlorodifluoromethane) when the Blue flame will turn brilliant green. The intensity of the greenness in the flame depends on the saturation level, so one can narrow the search for the source of the leak down by sweeping the area with the flame at floor level. This is not done in submarines for obvious reasons so they use a "Sniffer" instead. But, if you ever need to find a leak of these and some other nonvolatile gasses this is a good way to do so, with due "caution" of course.

  78. White Thread
    White Thread
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Imagine how boring that job is..

  79. Alpri Teze
    Alpri Teze
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Hey guys, We're a team looking who's greatly inspired to keep working hard and create a channel that's gonna provide some of the best Esports Tournament Games and meet Pro Players around. Please go take a look at our channel and let me know what you guys think? 🔥🔥🔥

  80. lakewood85
    lakewood85
    Pred 3 hodinami

    I use the Bacharach Flue Gas Analyzer in my job. Bacharach makes great equipment.

  81. Ruben Tucker
    Ruben Tucker
    Pred 3 hodinami

    since everything you just heard is top secret you will mysteriously disappear.. it was nice knowing you..lol

  82. Mark Campbell
    Mark Campbell
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Refrigerant is usually halogenated carbon or halogenated vinyl. These were banned under the chemical weapon manufacture treaty the authority of the EPA was supposed to reach this obligation. It is possible to have refrigerators without refrigerant and without consumption of current. Edison generators and dynamos can produce any voltage and current needed without food or pollutants.

  83. Steve Blackbird
    Steve Blackbird
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Funnily enough our old now retired B767-300's used oxygen generators (candles) about the size of a hockey puck for the pax in case of emergency. Pretty clever tech that I'm glad is still being used. Yes they get rather hot!!

  84. CMDR Sweeper
    CMDR Sweeper
    Pred 3 hodinami

    I put off watching this as I figured I had it all down... But the MEA and the oxygen candles were unexpected, well the oxygen candles were somewhat expected. Airliners uses something similar for their emergency O2 supply if they lose cabin pressure.

  85. usscharlottessn766
    usscharlottessn766
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Amine and midrats!!!!!

  86. usscharlottessn766
    usscharlottessn766
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Also I was on a fast attack and this is the first time I’ve seen it as well😂😂😂

  87. Nathan M
    Nathan M
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Is there not a way to monitor gas levels when the electricity goes out? Those leak detectors don't seem sufficient, as they are looking for high concentrations of gas.

  88. kaito kid
    kaito kid
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Aren't you guys giving away way too much information about a nuclear submarine?

  89. MR. E
    MR. E
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Only been out 3 days and almost 2mil views??? Nice job!!!

  90. Spencer Bliven
    Spencer Bliven
    Pred 3 hodinami

    "I wanted you to meet my dog, Princess Bumper Snoot"...completely ignores his wife

  91. usscharlottessn766
    usscharlottessn766
    Pred 3 hodinami

    This looks like a fast attack. Ah....memories

  92. SeKeLuS
    SeKeLuS
    Pred 3 hodinami

    i cant understand a word the ohio man said :)

  93. Alex Ortiz
    Alex Ortiz
    Pred 3 hodinami

    The fine platinum spectacularly train because spider nouzilly precede by a perpetual quail. undesirable, husky buzzard

  94. bluestone best
    bluestone best
    Pred 3 hodinami

    now i want to try to dive with an oxygen candle (not in a submarine) to see how much oxygen i can get

  95. Thomas g
    Thomas g
    Pred 3 hodinami

    9500btu is around 5277 °C 0.0

  96. Artemirr Lazaris
    Artemirr Lazaris
    Pred 3 hodinami

    I have another question. Who knows if you read it. I need help designing and making a structure that is not electronic but mechanical in design. So, the inside layer is simply a compass. The secondary layer (outer sphere) I want it to be able to track fixed points towards our centre solar system. IE like the galactic median. I was thinking that setup process may include pointing at no fixed points from earth, thus it simply tracks the fixes locations of star cluster creating an intersecting points (cross hairs) of our solar system. Then a third layer of fixes galaxies towards our galaxy, painting crosshairs on our galaxy. I thin it would be fun and useful... Of course... the centre of our galaxy is offset from out location, just as earth is offset form the solar system centre for the previous one.... My thoughts is if you like nasa, or navigation. A mechanical globe with layered spherical latices with points could rotate to those locations during night or day, so you always know your position relative to our observable universe.. which is good practice if one is traveling.... Compass direction give us 2D directions on earth... Solar system directions give us 3d dimensional directions on EARTH, but 3d directions in our solar system.. the process continues. their simply looking for stable points between systems of hierarchy that are stable enough to be used as accurate reference to conceptualize where we are in the universe. On earth without magnets it would be hard to create a reference of movement, with the stars changing, one would have to have a very good understanding of timing and location already to use the stars to conceptualize where the planet they are. Setting this up would change depending on fixed objects targeted in the sky... maybe that makes no sense, but it sounds like fun.. knowing your place in the universe... Universal navigator.. the reason I was thinking mechanical system, or limited energy, is that it would work in any place within our Galaxy. without the need of outside source of power except the person, winding it or whatever is used to track, and power its movements.... and with base knowledge one could set it up... to navigate again.. hmm... lost in space.. with a ... galactic compass. lol... rather then a solar or terrestrial one. :D

  97. Ectar
    Ectar
    Pred 3 hodinami

    The amine absorbs CO2 better when cold, so after the amine gets heated up in the boiler and had its CO2 driven off, first the now lean amine is used to preheat the incoming rich amine in a heat exchanger.This helps to cool the lean amine as well as pre-heat the rich amine, which reduces the amount of external heating and cooling that needs to be done, saving energy. The lean anime is then further cooled before being sprayed again.

  98. Andy Spark
    Andy Spark
    Pred 3 hodinami

    Very interesting video. Would be kinda concerned about potential of flash oxygen fires without the oxygen being highly diluted immediately. Doesn't take much percent higher than nominal to create dangerous conditions in an enclosed space. Presumably, the electrolysis oxygen production is the normal method and maybe it pipes/dilutes into vent system rather than just pouring it into production area...?

  99. Ana Sandoval
    Ana Sandoval
    Pred 4 hodinami

    I understood this but I also felt like it was way above my paygrade. What I am curious about is how they dispose of the used candles? Do they throw them out to sea to decrease any potential added weight or are they kept on board?

  100. DJ Gaming
    DJ Gaming
    Pred 4 hodinami

    This isn't a troll question, I really am curious. What happens if someone or if many people are farting all night from like consuming dairy or whatever? I know I've ruined a tent doing that. Would the alarms go off?